Encyclopedia > Gnat

  Article Content


The name Gnat is applied to small insects in the order Diptera (the true Flies) and specifically within the suborder Nematocera[?]. This suborder represents the more primitive members of the Dipteran order but still contain within their number several very notable and important families such as the Chironomidae (Midges) and the Culicidae (mosquitoes). Other families include the Tipulidae (crane flies), Bibionidae (hairflies), Ceratopogonidae (biting midges), Cecidomyidae (gall midges), Simuliidae (black flies), and others. They males often assemble together in large mating swarms. Gnat larvae are mostly free-living, many feeding on plants though some are carnivorous. Larval plant feeders, e.g., the Hessian fly larvae, cause root, stem, and leaf galls to be formed by the host plant. Some species of fungus gnats (families Mycetophilidae and Sciaridae) are very common pests of mushrooms and roots of potted plants in homes and greenhouses.
Some South American Pleurothallid Orchids are pollinated by tiny Gnats and have correspondingly small flowers.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

...     Contents 242 Centuries: 2nd century - 3rd century - 4th century Decades: 190s 200s 210s 220s 230s - 240s - 250s 260s 270s 280s 290s Years: ...

This page was created in 53.9 ms