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Giovanni da Verrazano

Although we do not know this for sure, it is generally assumed that Giovanni da Verrazano (his last name is also spelled Verrazzano) was born in or around 1485, on his family's castle, Castello Verrazzano, near Val di Greve[?], 30 miles south of Florence. Upon reaching his majority (also around 1506-7) he moved to Dieppe, to pursue a maritime career. He made several voyages to the Eastern Mediterranean, and probably also visited Newfoundland.

In 1524 or 1525, he was sent out by king Francis I of France to explore the region between Florida and Newfoundland for a route to the Pacific. He made landfall near Cape Fear[?] on or around March 1, and after a short sojourn south explored the coast northward.

Somewhat later, he believed that he saw the Pacific on the other side of a very narrow strip of land. What he saw in reality was Pamlico Sound[?], behind the Outer Banks[?] of Carolina. This mistake led mapmakers, starting with Vesconte de Maggiolo[?] in 1527 and Giovanni's brother Girolamo da Verrazano[?] in 1529, to draw North America as being almost split in two, the two parts connected by a thin land bridge on the east coast. It would take a century for this error to be corrected.

Further north, Verrazano discovered New York Harbour. The Verrazano bridge[?], spanning the Verrazano Narrows[?], commemorates his visit. He followed the coast further east and north to Maine, then returned to France by way of Newfoundland.

Later Verrazano made two more voyages to the Americas. On the first, he cut logwood[?] in Brazil; on the second (in 1528) he was killed by the natives of one of the Antilles, probably Guadeloupe.

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