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Gang of Four

In Chinese history, The Gang of Four (四人帮 Pinyin si4 ren2 bang1) was a group of Communist politicians based in Shanghai. They were strong supporters of the Cultural Revolution. See Gang of Four (China).

In British history, The gang of four were the founders of the Social Democratic Party.

In Britain during the 1980s the term 'Gang of Four' was appropriated to refer to the four leading members of the Labour Party who left the party to form the rival Social Democratic Party. These were Shirley Williams, William Rodgers, Roy Jenkins and David Owen. The party was intended to 'break the mould' of adversarial British politics. It eventually merged with the Liberal Party.

In British music, Gang of Four is a rock band. See Gang of Four (band).

In software engineering, The Gang of Four (or GoF) are Gamma, Helm, Johnson and Vlissides, authors of the seminal book, Design Patterns.

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