Encyclopedia > Foreign relations of Nicaragua

  Article Content

Foreign relations of Nicaragua

The 1990 election victory of President Violeta Chamorro[?] placed Nicaragua in the ranks of Latin American democracies. Nicaragua pursues an independent foreign policy. President Chamorro was instrumental in obtaining considerable international assistance for her government's efforts to improve living conditions for Nicaraguans--the country is one of the poorest in the Western Hemisphere. Her administration also negotiated substantial reductions in the country's foreign debt burden. A participant of the Central American Security Commission[?] (CASC), Nicaragua also has taken a leading role in pressing for regional demilitarization and peaceful settlement of disputes within states in the region. Nicaragua has submitted two territorial disputes, one with Honduras and the other with Colombia, to the International Court at The Hague[?] for resolution. Nicaragua and Costa Rica also dispute jurisdiction over the Rio San Juan[?], which delimits the boundary between the two countries. At the 1994 Summit of the Americas[?], Nicaragua joined six Central American neighbors in signing the Alliance for Sustainable Development[?], known as the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA[?] or CONCAUSA, to promote sustainable economic development in the region.

Nicaragua belongs to the United Nations and several specialized and related agencies, including the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Trade Organization (WTO), UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Labor Organization (ILO), and the UN Human Rights Commission[?] (UNHRC). Nicaragua also is a member of the Organization of American States (OAS), the Non-aligned Movement[?] (NAM), International Atomic Energy Commission[?] (IAEA), the Inter-American Development Bank[?] (IDB), the Central American Common Market (CACM), and the Central America Bank for Economic Integration[?] (CABEI).

Disputes - international: territorial disputes with Colombia over the Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia[?] and Quita Sueno Bank[?]; with respect to the maritime boundary question in the Golfo de Fonseca[?], the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission[?] and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua likely would be required; maritime boundary dispute with Honduras in the Caribbean Sea

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine destined for the US and transshipment point for arms-for-drugs dealing

See also : Nicaragua

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... (Oncorhynchus). Numerous whales visit the sea-coast. Sea-lions, seals and dolphins are a source of profit. Sakhalin was inhabited in the Neolithic Stone Age. Flint ...

This page was created in 70.6 ms