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First Fleet

The First Fleet was the fleet[?] of sailing ships that brought the original settlers[?] and convicts to Australia from England. Captain Arthur Phillip led the fleet out of Portsmouth, England on May 13, 1787 with eleven ships full of convicts to establish a penal colony in Australia. The fleet landed in Sydney Cove[?] in what would later become Sydney, Australia on January 26, 1788 (now known as Australia Day). On January 28 they established the first permanent European settlement on the continent at Botany Bay[?].

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