Encyclopedia > Enterobiasis

  Article Content

Enterobiasis

Enterobiasis is the medical condition of being infected with pinworms (Enterobius Vermicularis). The symptoms are painful itching around the anus, restless sleep, a poor appetite, and a failure to gain weight.

The itching will often lead to re-infection as the eggs are captured under the fingernails, and eventually reintroduced orally. The eggs can also be spread by air and other mechanisms eventually leading to oral introduction into the victim.

The condition can be treated with mebendazole (Vermox), piperazine (Antepar), or mostly commonly pyrantyl pamoate (Combatrin, Povan). Also great care should be taken to shower[?] daily, and wash hands before every meal to avoid re-infection. All infected materials (pyjamas, bedclothes, and underwear) should be washed with soap and hot water daily.

The pinworm occurs worldwide, and in all socio-economic groups. However, it is more common in temperate regions, and among those with poor hygiene. 500 million infections are reported annually worldwide. 50% of children become infected at some point.

Some physicians also believe that pinworms can cause appendicitis, but that is unsubstantiated.



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Blues music

... predominant. Melodically, blues music is marked by the use of the flattened third and dominant seventh (so called blue notes) of the associated major scale. Th ...