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Edible mushroom

Mushroom>Edible Mushroom
Agaricus bisporus : also known as the white mushroom[?], the most extensively cultivated mushroom in the world, accounting for 38% of the world production of cultivated mushrooms.

Lentinus edodes : also known as shiitake[?], oak mushroom[?]. Lentinus edodes is largely produced in Japan, China and South Korea. Lentinus edodes accounts for 10% of world production of cultivated mushrooms.

Pleurotus species : The oyster mushroom[?]. Pleurotus mushrooms are the second most important mushrooms in production in the world, 25% of total world production of cultivated mushrooms. Pleurotus mushrooms are world-wide, China is the major producer.

Volvariella volvacea : The 'chinese' or 'paddy straw' mushroom. Volvariella mushrooms account for 16% of total production of cultivated mushrooms in the world.

Flammulina velutipes : The 'winter mushroom'.

Coprinus comatus : The shaggy mane. Must be cooked quickly or the caps will turn to ink.

Mycorrhizal Edible Fungi : a number of edible fungi are found in nature growing in association with living plants, usually trees. Some species are highly priced because they cannot be cultivated, but are often harvested from natural settings.

The Truffle[?]: Tuber magnatum (Piemont white truffle), Tuber aestivum (Summer or St.Jean truffle), Tuber melanosporum (Perigord truffle), Tuber brumale. Truffles belong to the ascomycete grouping of fungi. The truffle fruitbodies develop underground in mycorrhizal association with certain trees e.g. oak, poplar, beech, and hazel[?]. Being difficult to find, trained pigs or dogs are often used to sniff them out for harvesting.

The Morel :Morchella esculenta, Morchella elata, Morchella vulgaris: Morels belong to the ascomycete grouping of fungi. They are usually found in open scrub, woodland or open ground in late spring. When collecting this fungus, care must be taken to distinguish it from the deadly-poisonous 'false morel', Gyromitra esculenta.

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