Poe's curious and often nightmarish work greatly influenced the horror and fantasy genres. He is also credited with having been the principal initiator of the genre of detective fiction with his three stories about Auguste Dupin[?], the most famous of which is "The Murders in the Rue Morgue".
Poe was the author of "The Raven", widely considered to be the most famous American poem.
Poe's life was fraught with sorrow and he died in a pitiful state in Baltimore, Maryland.
Poe's literary reputation was greater abroad than it was in the United States. Rufus Griswold[?] became his literary executor; in fact, Griswold was a rival and an enemy. In the U.S.A., Griswold circulated a "Memoir of the Author" which portrayed Poe as a drunkard and opium addict. These defamatory reminisicences did little to commend Poe to U.S. literary society.
In France, where he is commonly known as "Edgar Poe," Charles Baudelaire translated his stories and several of the poems into French. Baudelaire was the right man for this job, and his excellent translations meant that Poe enjoyed a vogue among avant-garde writers in France while being ignored in his native land. From France, writers like Algernon Charles Swinburne caught the Poe-bug, and Swinburne's musical verse owes much to Poe's technique. Poe was much admired, also, by the school of Symbolism, and Stephane Mallarmé dedicated several poems to him.
Information about Poe from The Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore (http://www.eapoe.org/index.htm)