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East Prussia

East Prussia was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the teritory of former Ducal Prussia. In 1772, after the First Partition of Poland, Warmia (a part of former province of Royal Prussia) was included into East Prussia.

East Prussia was also an exclave of Germany that existed from 1919 until World War II. It was created as a result of the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I, when parts of the old Polish province of Royal Prussia returned to Poland after 150 years of Partition.

East Prussia was located along the south-east corner of the Baltic Sea. Its capital was Königsberg (now Kaliningrad). The northern part of East Prussia corresponds today to Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast, the southern parts form Poland's Warminsko-Mazurskie Voivodship.

At the beginning of World War II in 1939, East Prussia had 2.49 million inhabitants. The German population was evacuated at the end of the war under quite dramatic circumstances. Russians, Belorussians and Ukrainians were forced to settle in the northern part, and Sambia[?] (Polish refugees from former eastern parts of Poland) were forced to settle in Warmia i Mazury.



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