Demographics As of the census of 2000, there are 48,688 people, 20,530 households, and 12,851 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,401.8/km² (3,632.1/mi²). There are 21,309 housing units at an average density of 613.5/km² (1,589.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 86.49% White, 5.02% African American, 0.46% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.80% from other races, and 4.03% from two or more races. 1.89% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 20,530 households out of which 27.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% are married couples living together, 12.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% are non-families. 32.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.33 and the average family size is 2.99.
In the city the population is spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $39,108, and the median income for a family is $48,463. Males have a median income of $34,342 versus $26,423 for females. The per capita income for the city is $19,527. 8.6% of the population and 6.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 10.7% are under the age of 18 and 11.0% are 65 or older.