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Dzogchen (Tibetan, translated from the Sanskrit Mahasandhi) has at least 2 meanings:
  1. Mental state. Dzogchen is a distinct mental state considered to be the primordial state of every sentient being.
  2. Teaching. Dzogchen is a teaching that gives paths to discover the primordial mental state and develop it to achieve realization[?] (enlightenment). In Tibet Dzogchen is considered an advanced and secret teaching, that is nondual, i.e. it is thought to be the absolute/ultimate teaching of pure and total awareness (see also Maha Ati Tantra[?])

There are two different main lineages of Dzogchen:

  1. Buddhist: first taught being Guru Garab Dorje[?]
  2. Bön (Bon)

In Tibetan Buddhism Dzogchen is practiced mainly by the Nyingma school, although all four main schools of Tibetan Buddhism practice it to some extent.

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