Encyclopedia > Dirty bomb

  Article Content

Dirty bomb

The term dirty bomb was first used to refer to any nuclear weapon that generated a significant amount of radioactive waste in the form of nuclear fallout. Due to the inefficiency of early nuclear weapons (as low as 2% or less), they tended to disperse large amounts of unused fissile material[?]. The term does not necesarily refer to a specific nuclear weapon design, but is typically used to contrast with newer, more efficient bombs. Some nuclear weapon designs feature the inclusion of a salting metal which will create large amounts of long-lasting fallout radiation (most commonly cobalt) when radiated by the weapon core.

Another usage of the term is to talk about radiological weapons. It refers especially to a weapon which would disperse radioactive material through conventional explosives. The term was put in focus on June 10, 2002, when U.S. officials announced they had captured an al-Qaida terrorist in Chicago a month earlier who was allegedly planning for such a device.

see also: nuclear weapon, nuclear weapon design, nuclear war, nuclear strategy, nuclear terrorism

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... lamp. On October 8, 1883 the U.S. patent office ruled that Edison's patent was based on the work of William Sawyer and were invalid. Litigation continued until on ...