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Demographics of Antarctica

Antarctica has no indigenous inhabitants, but there are seasonally staffed research stations. Approximately 29 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, send personnel to perform seasonal (summer) and year-round research on the continent and in its surrounding oceans; the population of persons doing and supporting science on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty) varies from approximately 4,000 in summer to 1,000 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research are present in the waters of the treaty region.

NationSummer
(January)
population
3,687 total
(1998-9)
Winter
(July)
population
964 total
(1998-9)
Year-round
Stations
42 total
(1998-9)
Summer-only
Stations
32 total
(1998-9)
Argentina 302 165 6 3
Australia 201 75 4 4
Belgium 13 - - -
Brazil 80 12 1 -
Bulgaria 16 - - 1
Chile 352 129 4 7
China 70 33 2 -
Finland 11 - 1 -
France 100 33 1 -
Germany 51 9 1 1
India 60 25 1 1
Italy 106 - 1 -
Japan 136 40 1 3
South Korea 14 14 1 -
Netherlands 10 - - -
New Zealand 60 10 1 1
Norway 40 - 1 -
Peru 28 - - 1
Poland 70 20 1 -
Russia 254 102 6 3
South Africa 80 10 1 -
Spain 43 - 1 -
Sweden 20 - - 2
Ukraine    1 -
UK 192 39 2 5
US 1,378 248 3 -
Uruguay    1 -

In addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (July 2000 est.)

See also : Antarctica



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