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Demographic transition

In demographics, the term demographic transition is used to describe the transition from high birth rates[?] and death rates[?] to low birth and death rates that occurs as part of the economic development of a country from a pre-industrial to a post-industrial economy.

In the midst of a demographic transition, death rates drop without a corresponding fall in birth rates, and countries undergoing this process experience a large increase in population.

At the end of this process, both rates are lower, and many rich western countries now have a population that is static or shrinking.

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