Encyclopedia > Demetrius

  Article Content

Demetrius

Demetrius, Greek king of Bactria, is a legend as well as an enigma. Mentioned by Geoffrey Chaucer ("D, lord of Ind") and a hero of Indian folklore under the folk-etymological name Dharma-Mithra, he is mainly known from coins. He was the son of Euthydemus and succeeded him sometime early 2nd century BC, after which he conquered extensive areas in what now is eastern Iran, Pakistan and Punjab, thus briefly creating a large Hellenistic empire far from Greece. Polybius mentions him being murdered by his general Eucratides, the empire being divided shortly after his death. The great Graeco-Indian king Menander of India is said to have been a relative of Demetrius. However, scarcity of sources make historians unsure about chronology, and even whether Demetrius' coins in fact refer to two kings.



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
242

... 190s 200s 210s 220s 230s - 240s - 250s 260s 270s 280s 290s Years: 237 238 239 240 241 - 242 - 243 244 245 246 247 Events Patriarch Titus[?] ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 64.2 ms