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Council of Europe

The Council of Europe is an international organization of 44 member states in the European region. (It is not to be confused with the Council of the European Union, nor with the European Council.) It was founded on May 5, 1949 by the Treaty of London. Membership is open to all European states which accept the principle of the rule of law and guarantee fundamental human rights and freedoms to their citizens. One of the main successes of the Council was the European Convention on Human Rights in 1950, which serves as the basis for the European Court of Human Rights.

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Institutions The institutions of the Council of Europe are:


Membership There are 44 member states today. Upon foundation on May 5, 1949 there were ten members:

Members with later admission dates:

Yugoslavia has a special guest status. Canada, Israel, the Vatican City, Japan, Mexico and the USA have observer status.

See also: Europe, European Union, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

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