The Partito Comunista Italiano
(PCI) or Italian Communist Party
emerged from a secession by the far left from the Italian Socialist Party[?]
(PSI) during that body's congress on 21 January 1921
. Amedeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci led the split.
The party gained considerable electoral success during the 40 years following 1945.
Party Secretaries (in alphabetical order:
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