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Ladybird

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Lady beetles

Asian multicolored lady beetle
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota[?]
Superorder: Neoptera[?]
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Coccinellidae
Genera
Subfamily Coccidulinae
Tribe Lithophilini
   Lithophilus[?]
Tribe Monocorynini
   Mimolithophilus[?]
   Monocoryna[?]
Tribe Coccidulini
   Adoxellus[?]
   Auladoria[?]
   Botynella[?]
   Bucolinus[?]
   Bucolus[?]
   Bura[?]
   Coccidula[?]
   Cranoryssus[?]
   Empia[?]
   Epipleuria[?]
   Eupalea[?]
   Erithionyx[?]
   Eupaleoides[?]
   Geodimmockius[?]
   Hazisia[?]
   Hypoceras[?]
   Microrhizobius[?]
   Mimoscymnus[?]
   Nothocolus[?]
   Nothorhyzobius[?]
   Orbipressus[?]
   Orynipus[?]
   Paracranoryssus[?]
   Planorbata[?]
   Psorolyma[?]
   Rhyzobius[?]
   Rodatus[?]
   Stenadalia[?]
   Stenococcus[?]
   Syntona[?]
Tribe Noviini
   Anovia[?]
   Eurodolia[?]
   Novius[?]
   Rodolia[?]
   Vedalia[?]
Tribe Poriini
   Poria[?]
Tribe Exoplectrini
   Ambrocharis[?]
   Anisorhizobius[?]
   Aulis[?]
   Chapinella[?]
   Chnoodes[?]
   Coeliaria[?]
   Cyrtaulis[?]
   Dioria[?]
   Discoceras[?]
   Exoplectra[?]
   Neorhizobius[?]
   Neoryssomus[?]
   Hovaulis[?]
   Oridia[?]
   Peralda[?]
   Rhizoryssomus[?]
   Siola[?]
   Sumnius[?]
Tribe Azyini
   Azya[?]
   Pseudoazya[?]
Tribe Cranophorini
   Cassiculus[?]
   Cranophorus[?]
Tribe Oryssomini
   Oryssomus[?]
   Pseudoryssomus[?]
Subfamily Coccinellinae
Tribe Singhikalini
   Singhikalia[?]
Tribe Coccinellini
   Aages[?]
   Adalia[?]
   Ailocaria[?]
   Alloneda[?]
   Anatis[?]
   Anisolemnia[?]
   Anisosticta[?]
   Antineda[?]
   Anegleis[?]
   Aphidecta[?]
   Archegleis[?]
   Australoneda[?]
   Autotela[?]
   Bothrocalvia[?]
   Callicaria[?]
   Calvia[?]
   Cheilomenes[?]
   Chloroneda[?]
   Cirocolla[?]
   Cleobora[?]
   Clynis[?]
   Coccinella[?]
   Chelonitis[?]
   Coccinella[?]
   Coccinula[?]
   Coelophora[?]
   Coleomegilla[?]
   Cycloneda[?]
   Declivitata[?]
   Docimocaria[?]
   Dysis[?]
   Egleis[?]
   Eoadalia[?]
   Eoanemia[?]
   Eriopis[?]
   Erythroneda[?]
   Eumegilla[?]
   Harmonia[?]
   Heterocaria[?]
   Heteroneda[?]
   Hippodamia[?]
   Hysia[?]
   Illeis[?]
   Lemnia[?]
   Lioadalia[?]
   Macronaemia[?]
   Megalocaria[?]
   Megillina[?]
   Micraspis[?]
   Microcaria[?]
   Microneda[?]
   Mononeda[?]
   Mulsantina[?]
   Myrrha[?]
   Myzia[?]
   Naemia[?]
   Neda[?]
   Nedina[?]
   Neocalvia[?]
   Neoharmonia[?]
   Nesis[?]
   Oenopia[?]
   Oiocaria[?]
   Olla[?]
   Oxytella[?]
   Palaeoneda[?]
   Paranaemia[?]
   Phrynolemnia[?]
   Procula[?]
   Propylea[?]
   Pseudadonia[?]
   Pseudoenopia[?]
   Sospita[?]
   Sphaeroneda[?]
   Spiloneda[?]
   Synona[?]
   Synonycha[?]
   Xanthadalia[?]
Tribe Halyziini
   Eothea[?]
   Halyzia[?]
   Macroilleis[?]
   Metamyrrha[?]
   Microneda[?]
   Neohalyzia[?]
   Oxytella[?]
   Protothea[?]
   Psyllobora[?]
   Vibidia[?]
Tribe Tytthaspidini
   Bulaea[?]
   Isora[?]
   Tytthaspis[?]
Tribe Discotomini
   Discotoma[?]
   Euseladia[?]
   Pristonema[?]
   Seladia[?]
   Vodella[?]
Subfamily Scymninae
Tribe Aspidimerini
   Acarinus[?]
   Aspidimerus[?]
   Cryptogonus[?]
   Pseudaspidimerus[?]
Tribe Stethorini
   Stethorus[?]
   Parastethorus[?]
Tribe Scymnini
   Acoccidula[?]
   Aponephus[?]
   Apseudoscymnus[?]
   Axinoscymnus[?]
   Clitostethus[?]
   Cryptolaemus[?]
   Cycloscymnus[?]
   Cyrema[?]
   Didion[?]
   Horniolus[?]
   Keiscymnus[?]
   Leptoscymnus[?]
   Midus[?]
   Nephaspis[?]
   Nephus[?]
   Depressoscymnus[?]
   Geminosipho[?]
   Nephus[?]
   Parascymnus[?]
   Scymnobius[?]
   Sidis[?]
   Parasidis[?]
   Propiptus[?]
   Pseudoscymnus[?]
   Scymniscus[?]
   Scymnodes[?]
   Scymnomorpha[?]
   Scymnus[?]
   Veronicobius[?]
Tribe Diomini
   Decadiomus[?]
   Diomus[?]
   Heterodiomus[?]
   Magnodiomus[?]
   Erratodiomus[?]
Tribe Scymnillini
   Viridigloba[?]
   Zagloba[?]
   Zilus[?]
Tribe Selvadiini
   Selvadius[?]
Tribe Hyperaspidini
   Blaisdelliana[?]
   Corystes[?]
   Helesius[?]
   Hyperaspidius[?]
   Hyperaspis[?]
   Thalassa[?]
   Tiphysa[?]
Tribe Brachiacanthadini
   Brachiacantha[?]
   Cyra[?]
   Hinda[?]
Tribe Pentiliini
   Calloeneis[?]
   Curticornis[?]
   Pentilia[?]
Tribe Cryptognathini
   Cryptognatha[?]
Subfamily Ortaliinae
Tribe Ortaliini
   Amida[?]
   Amidellus[?]
   Anortalia[?]
   Azoria[?]
   Cinachyra[?]
   Ortalia[?]
   Ortalistes[?]
   Paramida[?]
   Rhynchortalia[?]
   Scymnhova[?]
   Zenoria[?]
Subfamily Chilocorinae
Tribe Telsimiini
   Hypocyrema[?]
   Telsimia[?]
Tribe Platynaspidini
   Crypticolus[?]
   Platynaspis[?]
Tribe Chilocorini
   Anisorcus[?]
   Arawana[?]
   Axion[?]
   Brumoides[?]
   Brumus[?]
   Chilocorus[?]
   Cladia[?]
   Curinus[?]
   Egius[?]
   Endochilus[?]
   Exochomus[?]
   Halmus[?]
   Harpasus[?]
   Orcus[?]
   Parapriasus[?]
   Phaenochilus[?]
   Priasus[?]
   Priscibrumus[?]
   Simmondsius[?]
   Trichorcus[?]
   Xanthocorus[?]
   Zagreus[?]
Subfamily Sticholotidinae
Tribe Sukunahikonini
   Hikonasukuna[?]
   Orculus[?]
   Paraphellus[?]
Tribe Cephaloscymnini
   Aneaporia[?]
   Cephaloscymnus[?]
   Neaporia[?]
   Prodilis[?]
   Prodiloides[?]
Tribe Microweiseini
   Coccidophilus[?]
   Cryptoweisea[?]
   Dichaina[?]
   Diloponis[?]
   Gnathoweisea[?]
   Microcapillata[?]
   Microfreudea[?]
   Microweisea[?]
   Nipus[?]
   Pseudosmilia[?]
   Sarapidus[?]
   Stictospilus[?]
Tribe Carinodulini
   Carinodula[?]
   Carinodulina[?]
   Carinodulinka[?]
Tribe Serangiini
   Catana[?]
   Catanella[?]
   Delphastus[?]
   Microserangium[?]
   Serangiella[?]
   Serangium[?]
Tribe Shirozuellini
   Ghanius[?]
   Medamatento[?]
   Promecopharus[?]
   Sasajiella[?]
   Shirozuella[?]
Tribe Plotinini
   Ballida[?]
   Buprestodera[?]
   Catanaplotina[?]
   Haemoplotina[?]
   Paraplotina[?]
   Plotina[?]
   Protoplotina[?]
   Sphaeroplotina[?]
Tribe Sticholotidini
   Boschalis[?]
   Bucolellus[?]
   Chilocorellus[?]
   Coelolotis[?]
   Coelopterus[?]
   Filipinolotis[?]
   Glomerella[?]
   Habrolotis[?]
   Hemipharus[?]
   Jauravia[?]
   Lenasa[?]
   Lotis[?]
   Mimoserangium[?]
   Neaptera[?]
   Nelasa[?]
   Neojauravia[?]
   Neotina[?]
   Nesina[?]
   Nesolotis[?]
   Nexophallus[?]
   Paracoelopterus[?]
   Parajauravia[?]
   Paranelasa[?]
   Paranesolotis[?]
   Parinesa[?]
   Pharopsis[?]
   Pharoscymnus[?]
   Phlyctenolotis[?]
   Semiviride[?]
   Sticholotis[?]
   Stictobura[?]
   Sulcolotis[?]
   Synonychimorpha[?]
   Trimallena[?]
   Xamerpillus[?]
   Xanthorcus[?]
   Xestolotis[?]
Tribe Limnichopharini
   Limnichopharus[?]
Tribe Argentipilosini
   Argentipilosa[?]
Subfamily Epilachninae
Tribe Epilachnini
   Adira[?]
   Afidenta[?]
   Afidentula[?]
   Afissula[?]
   Afilachna[?]
   Chnootriba[?]
   Epilachna[?]
   Henosepilachna[?]
   Macrolasia[?]
   Subafissa[?]
   Subcoccinella[?]
   Toxotoma[?]
Tribe Epivertini
   Epiverta[?]
Tribe Madaini
   Bambusicola[?]
   Cynegetis[?]
   Damatula[?]
   Lorma[?]
   Mada[?]
   Malata[?]
   Megatela[?]
   Merma[?]
   Pseudodira[?]
   Tropha[?]
Tribe Eremochilini
   Eremochilus[?]

Ladybirds (Commonwealth English), also known as ladybugs (American English) or lady beetles (scientists favor this) are a family, Coccinellidae ("little sphere"), of beetles. Ladybirds are found worldwide, with over 4,500 species described, more than 450 native to North America alone. Ladybirds are small insects, ranging from 1 mm to 10 mm, and are usually yellow, orange, or red with small black spots on their carapace[?], and black legs, head and feelers. As the family name suggests, they are usually quite round in shape.

Ladybirds are extremely beneficial to organic gardeners because they are carnivorous, consuming aphids, fruit flies, thrips[?], and other tiny plant-sucking insects that damage crops. In fact, their name is derived from "Beetle of Our Lady", recognizing their role in saving crops from destruction. Today they are commercially available from a variety of suppliers.

Adult ladybirds are able to reflex-bleed[?] from their leg joints. The blood is yellow, with a strong repellent smell, and is quite obvious when one handles a ladybird roughly.

The ladybird is immortalised in the children's nursery rhyme:

Ladybird, ladybird, fly away home
Your house is on fire and your children are gone
All except one, and that's Little Anne
For she has crept under the warming pan.

The ladybird is the symbol of the Dutch Foundation against Senseless Violence. [1] (http://www.zinloosgeweld.nl/10.lng/profilesketch.asp)

Notable species:


P-14 lady beetle consuming an aphid

References

External links


Ladybird, Ladybird (1995), is a movie directed by Ken Loach, about a woman losing custody of her four children.



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