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The word claymore has been used to describe two distinct types of swords used by Scottish warriors and soldiers. The first was a large, two-handed sword used in the medieval period. The second was a large basket-hilted sword and was issued to Scottish troops in the 18th century.

A Claymore mine is, strictly speaking, a model of landmine used by United States armed forces beginning in the Vietnam War era. The term now encompasses all mines working on a similar principle. It consists of a curved sheet of high explosive with steel ball-bearings embedded on one side. When detonated the balls fly outward at high speed, spraying an area with shrapnel.

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