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A cedilla is a tail () added under certain letters as a diacritic mark. The tail is a miniture cursive zs bottom half. The name "cedilla" is the diminutive[?] of the old Spanish name for zed, ceda. An obsolete spelling of "cedilla" is "cerilla" because the letters d and r were interchangeable in 16th-century Spanish.

The most frequent character with cedilla is the ç (c with cedilla). This letter was used for the sound of the affricate [ts] in old Spanish. Contemporary Spanish does not use it anymore since an orthographic reform in the 18th century.

C-cedilla was adopted for writing other languages, like French, Portuguese, Catalan, unofficial Basque, Occitan, and some Friulian[?] dialects, where it represents /s/ where "c" would normally represent /k/ (for example, normally pronouced as /ka/, ca pronouces as /sa/ if written as a); or Turkish, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Tatar, Turkmen, Kurdish (at least the Mahabad dialect), and some Friulian[?] dialects, where it is used for the sound of the affricate [tS] (the same of English in church). It is also used in a Romanization of Arabic. (What are the represented letter and its pronunciation?)

And the s-cedilla, ş, represents /S/ (as in show) in Turkish, Azerbaijan, Tatar, Turkmen, and Kurdish. It is also used in some Romanizations of Arabic, Persian, and Pashto. (What are the represented letter and its pronunciation?)

In the Turkish alphabet both and Ş are common letters, not a variant of C or S.

The most common English word taking a cedilla is probably "façade".

The Romanian Ș (ș) seemingly resembles the Turkish s cedilla, but it is actually a comma.

The diacritics on the Latvian letters g, k, l, n, and formerly r are considered by some to be cedillas and others to be commas.

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