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Central Treaty Organization

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The Central Treaty Organization (also referred to as CENTO, the Middle East Treaty Organization or (METO), or the Baghdad Pact) was adopted in 1954 by Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, and Iran, as well as Great Britain and the United States. Modeled after the North Atlantic Treaty Organization it committed the nations to mutual cooperation and protection, as well as non-intervention in each other's affairs. It was designed in part to contain[?] the Soviet Union. It lasted nominally until the Iranian revolution of 1979, however had shown strains in 1965 and 1971 when Pakistan tried unsuccessfully to get assistance in its wars with India.

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... became a dictatorship in 1937 under Getulio Vargas, returned to popular elections in 1945, but following a military coup d'état in 1964 saw a succession of generals as ...

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