Encyclopedia > Castilian

  Article Content


Castilian is the historical name of the Spanish language, which originated in the old Spanish kingdom of Castile.

In the past, North Castilian used to be considered, by the Spanish Royal Academy, the "model" or "yardstick" for the Spanish spoken in the two dozen or so Spanish-speaking countries. North Castilian, however, preserves the distinction between the two phonemes /s/ (alveolar sibilant, written s) and /T/ (interdental fricative written z or ce,ci) (e.g. casa=house vs. cereza=sherry), that is not used elsewhere since the 16th century.

Castilian is not to be confused with ceceo or seseo. The term seseo is used for the Spanish of the Americas, Canary Islands, and some Andalusian Spanish variants that mixed /s/ and /T/ into /s/, while the term ceceo is used for the other Andalusian Spanish variants that mixed /s/ and /T/ into /T/.

While many Spaniards generally refer to their language as espaņol, in Mexico, Central and South America the language (however pronounced) is often called castellano (Castilian) because the word espaņol is used for "Spaniard". And then in Spain, most Spaniards whose native tongue is not Spanish (about 1 of every 5) call Spanish castellano as well.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
List of divisions of the United States Army

... Division[?] US 1st Infantry Division US 2nd Infantry Division US 3rd Infantry Division US 4th Infantry Division[?] US 5th Infantry Division[?] US 6th ...