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A city of northern Spain, Burgos has 166,000 inhabitants in the city proper and another 10,000 in its suburbs. It is the capital of the province of Burgos.

Founded in the 9th century, the city was the 11th century capital of the kingdom of Castile, and during the Spanish Civil War was the base of Gen. Franco's rebel Nationalist government. It is famed for its Gothic cathedral (13th-16th centuries), the burial place of the 11th-century warrior Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, El Cid, who was born in a little town near the city, now called Vivar del Cid.

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