Encyclopedia > Bastille Day

  Article Content

Bastille Day

Bastille Day is the French national holiday celebrated on July 14th of each year. It is called "Fête Nationale" (or for the pedantic "Fête de la Fédération") in France and is similar in some respects to the "Fourth of July" in the United States, and September 15 in Mexico.

Bastille Day is a holiday commemorating the end of the monarchy in France and the beginning of the First Republic.

On May 5, 1789, Louis XVI convened the General Estates to hear their grievances. The deputies of the Third Estate representing the common people (the two others were clergy and nobility) decided to break away and form a National Constituent Assembly. On June 20 the deputies of the Third Estate took the oath of the "Jeu de Paume" (named after the place where they had gather which was a place where an an ancestor of tennis, the "Jeu de Paume" was played), swearing not to separate until a Constitution had been established. To show their support, the people of Paris stormed the Bastille, a state prison representing the absolutism of the monarchy.

Some find significance in the fact that there were only 7 inmates housed at the time of the siege. Among those inmates, Marquis de Sade is believed to have triggered the assault by crying that people were being executed inside. Many historians believe that the storming of the Bastille was more important as a rallying point and symbolic act of rebellion than any practical act of defiance. No less important in the history of France, it was not the image typically conjured up of courageous French patriots storming the Bastille and freeing hundreds of oppressed peasants.

Shortly after the storming of the Bastille, on August 26, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was proclaimed.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
Battle Creek, Michigan

...   Contents Battle Creek, Michigan Battle Creek redirects here. There is also Battle Creek, Nebraska. Battle Creek is a city in Michigan. It is the county seat ...

This page was created in 46.6 ms