is a city in Bavaria
. It is located in Upper Franconia
on the Regnitz[?]
River, close to its confluence with the Main
River. Population: 69,200 (2001).
The town was first mentioned in 902. Henry II of Germany made Bamberg the seat of a diocese in 1007 to foster the conversion of the peoples to the east of Bamberg. For a short time Bamberg was the centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Henry and his wife Cunigunde[?] were both buried in the cathedral.
In the following centuries Bamberg was reigned by the bishops, who forced the construction of monumental buildings. Bamberg lost its independency in 1802 and became a part of Bavaria.
After World War I, when a communist uprising took control over Bavaria, the government fled to Bamberg and had to stay for almost two years, before the Bavarian capital Munich was recaptured by Freikorps (see Weimar Republic).
The Old Town of Bamberg is included in the UNESCO World Heritage, since it retained its medieval look. Some of the main sights are:
- Cathedral (1237), with the tombs of emperor Henry I and Pope Clement II
- Alte Hofhaltung, residence of the bishops in the 16th and 17th centuries
- Neue Residenz, residence of the bishops after the 17th century
- Old Town Hall (1386), built in the mid of the Regnitz River, accessible by two bridges
- Klein-Venedig ("Little Venice"), a colony of pittoresque fishermen's houses along the Regnitz
Official Website (http://www.bamberg.de) (German, English)
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