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Automatic switching system

In telecommunication, the term automatic switching system has the following meanings:

1. In data communications, a switching system[?] in which all the operations required to execute the three phases of information-transfer transactions are automatically executed in response to signals from a user end-instrument.

Note: In an automatic switching system, the information-transfer transaction is performed without human intervention, except for initiation of the access phase[?] and the disengagement phase[?] by a user.

2. In telephony, a system in which all the operations required to set up, supervise, and release connections required for calls are automatically performed in response to signals from a calling device.

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C and from MIL-STD-188

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