Encyclopedia > Article Three of the United States Constitution

  Article Content

Article Three of the United States Constitution

Article III of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal (national) government. The judicial branch comprises the Supreme Court of the United States along with lower federal courts established pursuant to legislation by Congress.

Today the federal judiciary[?] has a three-tiered structure. At the top is the Supreme Court, which currently has nine members (a chief justice and eight associate justices). For purposes of the two lower tiers, the judiciary is organized into several "circuits", each of which is in turn divided into several "districts". The United States District Courts[?] are the trial courts, and the United States Courts of Appeals for the several circuits exercise appellate jurisdiction[?]. Federal judges are appointed for life (or, more accurately, "good behavior") by the President, whose judicial nominees must, however, be approved by the Senate.

In addition to creating the judicial branch of the federal government, Article III also limits the definition, conviction, and punishment of treason.

The complete text of this article can be found at http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/charters_of_freedom/constitution/constitution_transcription#3.0

Previous: Article Two Next: Article Four



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
East Islip, New York

... average household size is 3.03 and the average family size is 3.38. In the town the population is spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 58.3 ms