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Arcadia (Greek Αρκαδια) is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus that was named after Arcas and home, for a time, to Pan. According to Virgil, it was a land of pastoral simplicity.

The name has been used for any idyllic location or paradise; unlike utopia, it does not carry the connotation of a humanly designed civilization.

See also Golden Age, millennialism, Et in Arcadia Ego[?].

A region of Nova Scotia was known for some time as Acadia; its discoverer, Giovanni da Verrazano, was so impressed by the natural beauty of the region that he named it 'Archadia', after the Greek Arcadia.

Tom Stoppard has used the name as the title of a play (see Arcadia (play)). A 1980s pop band was also known as Arcadia.

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