Encyclopedia > Algonquin

  Article Content

Algonquian

Redirected from Algonquin

Algonquian is most of the Algic Native American language family. (The rest is Wiyot[?] and Yurok[?].) Stretching from the east coast all the way Alberta, Canada, the Algonquian language family includes such languages as Ojibwe, Cree, Fox, Shawnee[?], Menominee[?], Mohican, Potawatomi[?], Cheyenne, Blackfoot, Sauk, and Micmac[?].

The Algonquian language family is renowned for its complex morphology and sophisticated verb system. Statements that take many words to say in English can be expressed with a single "word". Ex: (Menominee) enae:ni:hae:w "He is heard by higher powers" or (Plains Cree) k-a:sta:hikoyahk "it frightens us". Languages in this family typically mark at least two distinct third persons, so that speakers can keep track of central characters in narrative.

These languages have been famously studied in the structuralist tradition by Leonard Bloomfield and Edward Sapir among others. Many of these languages are extremely endangered today, while others have died completely.

 
Because Algonquian languages were some of the first that Europeans came in contact with in North America, the language family has given many words to English. Many eastern states have names of Algonquian origin (Massachusetts, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin), as well as many cities (Milwaukee, Chicago). The capital of Canada is named after an Algonquian tribe - the Odawa. Here are some words of Algonquian origin:



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
East Islip, New York

... from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 95.2 ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 25.7 ms