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Second Spanish Republic

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The Second Spanish Republic (1931 - 1939) was the second period of Spanish history in which the power and state was dominated by the people.

After the 1st Spanish Republic[?] (1873 - 1874), some Spanish wanted to overthrow the monarchy. The 2nd Republic began on April 14th, 1931 after the abdication of King Alfonso XIII. The first president was Niceto Alcalá Zamora[?] (1931 - 1936), although some regions claimed independence and the Basque Region[?] didn`t got autonomy.

The second president was Manuel Azaña[?] (1936 - 1939). The Republic suffered a terrible crisis when General Francisco Franco attempted a coup on July 18th, 1936, the date when the Spanish Civil War began.

The Republic began to lose respect from some nations, but got the protection of others, USSR for example. Azaña's government ended in February, 1939 and the Republic ended the same day that General Franco and his troops took Madrid (April 1st, 1939) A dictatorship called in Spanish Franquismo was established, lasting from 1939 - 1975.



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