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In languages of monosyllabic[?] morphemes - such as all Sinitic languages (Mandarin, Cantonese, Gan, Xiang, Wu, Hakka, Min, etc.), Myan-Hmong languages, Thai-Kadai languages, many Tibeto-Burmese languages, Vietnamese and Muong - yunmu refers to the second of the two parts that form the syllable. The first part is called shengmu[?].

Syllables can be of, and are not limited to, following forms (C=Consonant, Cl= Consonant Cluster, v=Vowel, d,=Diphthong):

  • Cv= shengmuC + yunmuv
  • CvC= shengmuC + yunmuvC
  • CvCl= shengmuC + yunmuvCl

  • v= shengmunull + yunmuv
  • vC= shengmunull + yunmuvC
  • vCl= shengmunull + yunmuvCl

  • Clv= shengmuC + yunmuv
  • ClvC= shengmuC + yunmuvC
  • vCl= shengmunull + yunmuvCl

  • Cd= shengmuC + yunmud
  • CdC= shengmuC + yunmudC
  • CdCl= shengmuC + yunmudCl

  • d= shengmunull + yunmud
  • dC= shengmunull + yunmudC
  • dCl= shengmunull + yunmudCl

  • Cld= shengmuC + yunmud
  • CldC= shengmuC + yunmudC
  • dCl= shengmunull + yunmudCl

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