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Wounded Knee, South Dakota

Wounded Knee is a town located in Shannon County, South Dakota. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 328.

The United States Seventh Cavalry[?] massacred over 400 men, women and children at Wounded Knee on December 29, 1890. In a description justifying the event, a young newspaper reporter, L. Frank Baum, later famous as the author of the Wizard of Oz, wrote in the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer on December 20, 1891:

The nobility of the Redskin is extinguished, and what few are left are a pack of whining curs that licks the hand that smites them. The Whites, by law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians. Why not annihilation? Their glory has fled, their spirit broken, their manhood effaced; better that they should die than live the miserable wretches that they are.

The American Indian Movement[?] (AIM) occupied the Pine Ridge Reservation[?] near Wounded Knee in protest against the federal government on February 27, 1973. A 71-day standoff between federal authorities and the AIM ensued. The militants surrendered on May 8.

Geography Wounded Knee is located at 43°8'38" North, 102°22'4" West (43.144002, -102.367712)1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.8 km² (1.1 mi²). 2.8 km² (1.1 mi²) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.

Demographics As of the census of 2000, there are 328 people, 54 households, and 52 families residing in the town. The population density is 118.4/km² (306.0/mi²). There are 56 housing units at an average density of 20.2/km² (52.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 1.22% White, 0.00% African American, 98.78% Native American, 0.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.00% from other races, and 0.00% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 54 households out of which 61.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% are married couples living together, 35.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 1.9% are non-families. 1.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 0.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 6.07 and the average family size is 6.04.

In the town the population is spread out with 50.6% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 10.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 18 years. For every 100 females there are 108.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $12,206, and the median income for a family is $12,206. Males have a median income of $0 versus $13,333 for females. The per capita income for the town is $2,403. 81.1% of the population and 72.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 83.8% are under the age of 18 and 0.0% are 65 or older.

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