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William Thornton

William Thornton (May 20, 1759-1828) was the original architect of the United States Capitol. Born May 20, 1759 in the West Indies, Thornton received medical training in Edinburgh, Scotland. He emigrated to the United States of America in 1787.

Thornton's design for the Capitol had been submitted after the close of a competition in which 17 entries were found wanting. His plan was approved on July 25, 1793, with the award of $500 and a city lot in Washington, D.C..

Other notable designs by Thornton were the Library Company[?] in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the Tayloe house[?] or Octagon House[?] in Washington, D.C., once headquarters of the American Institute of Architects[?].

Thornton was also the first Superintendent of the United States Patent Office[?] from June 1, 1802 until his death on March 28, 1828.



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