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Statute of Westminster

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The Statute of Westminster was the enactment of the United Kingdom Parliament (December 11, 1931) by which that body renounced legislative authority in the self-governing overseas Dominions of the British Empire, formalising the complete independence of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Newfoundland, except in relation to revision of constitutions founded in British legislation.

The key passage of the Statute provides that "No Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom passed after the commencement of this Act shall extend or be deemed to extend, to a Dominion as part of the law of that Dominion, unless it is expressly declared in that Act that that Dominion has requested, and consented to, the enactment thereof."

It was also enacted that "No law and no provision of any law made after the commencement of this Act by the Parliament of a Dominion shall be void or inoperative on the ground that it is repugnant to the law of England, or to the provisions of any existing or future Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, or to any order, rule, or regulation made under any such Act, and the powers of the Parliament of a Dominion shall include the power to repeal or amend any such Act, order, rule or regulation in so far as the same is part of the law of the Dominion."

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