Encyclopedia > Wallcreeper

  Article Content

Wallcreeper

Wallcreeper
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sittidae
Genus:Tichodroma
Species
muraria

The Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria is a member of the nuthatch family Sittidae, which contains 23 species of bird. The subfamily Tichodromadinae contains a single species, the Wallcreeper. The other subfamily Sittinae contains the 22 species of “True” Nuthatches.

The wallcreeper is sometimes separated as a separate family Tichodromadidae. It is a small passerine found throughout the high mountains of southern Eurasia, including the Pyrenees, the Alps and the Altai.

Birds from Turkmenistan east are slightly darker, and are sometimes classed as a separate race T. m. nipalensis.

It is largely resident, but moves to lower levels in winter, and sometimes wanders further afield, when it sometimes uses quarries and buildings. Birds have wintered as far away as England, and one also wintered on the University of Amsterdam[?].

This is a charismatic bird due to its stunning crimson, grey and black plumage, butterfly-like flight and inaccessible haunts. Its Chinese name means "Rock flower".

In the breeding season, the male can be distinguished from the female (depicted) by its black throat.

This species can be quite tame, but is often surprisingly difficult to see on mountain faces.

It feeds on insects, obtained with its long bill, and nests in rock crevices, laying 4-5 speckled white eggs, which are incubated by the female. The male's song is a sequence of whistles.



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Foreign relations of Lebanon

... UNSCR 425 and the withdrawal of Israeli troops to their side of the demarcated Lebanese-Israeli line of separation (the "Blue Line") mapped out by UN cartographers. (The ...