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US Open (tennis)

The US Open is the fourth and final event of the Grand Slam in tennis. It is held annually in August/September and the main tournament consists of five championships: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles and mixed doubles, with additional tournaments for junior and senior players. Since 1978, the tournament has been held the hard court tennis courts at Flushing Meadows in New York.

The US Open grew from an exclusive entertainment event for the high society to a $16 million prize money championship for over 600 male and female professional players.

History

The event was first held in August 1881 as the U.S. National Singles Championship for men. Only clubs that were members of the United States National Lawn Tennis Association were permitted to enter. The championships were staged at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island.

In 1900 U.S. National Men's Doubles Championship was held for the first time. Tournaments were held in the east and the west of the country in order to determine the best two teams (sectional winners). These would then compete in a play-off - the winner would play the defending champions in the challenge round.

Six years after the men's nationals were held, the first official U.S. Women's National Singles Championship was held at the Philadelphia Cricket Club[?] in 1897, followed by women's doubles in 1889.

The open era began in 1968 when all five events were merged into the US Open at the West Side Tennis Club[?] in Forest Hills, Queens[?], New York. That year 96 men and 63 women entered the event with prize money amounting to $100,000.

Winners

Year heldSingles MenSingles Women

2002
2001
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990
1989
1988
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
1982
1981
1980
1979
1978
1977
1976
1975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969
1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
1960
1959
1958
1957
1956
1955
1954
1953
1952
1951
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
1945
1944
1943
1942
1941
1940
1939
1938
1937
1936
1935
1934
1933
1932
1931
1930
1929
1928
1927
1926
1925
1924
1923
1922
1921
1920
1919
1918
1917
1916
1915
1914
1913
1912
1911
1910
1909
1908
1907
1906
1905
1904
1903
1902
1901
1900
1899
1898
1897
1896
1895
1894
1893
1892
1891
1890
1889
1888
1887
1886
1885
1884
1883
1882
1881

Pete Sampras
Lleyton Hewitt
Marat Safin[?]
Andre Agassi
Patrick Rafter
Patrick Rafter
Pete Sampras
Pete Sampras
Andre Agassi
Pete Sampras
Stefan Edberg[?]
Stefan Edberg
Pete Sampras
Boris Becker
Mats Wilander
Ivan Lendl[?]
Ivan Lendl
Ivan Lendl
John McEnroe[?]
Jimmy Connors
Jimmy Connors
John McEnroe
John McEnroe
John McEnroe
Jimmy Connors
Guillermo Vilas[?]
Jimmy Connors
Manuel Orantes[?]
Jimmy Connors
John Newcombe[?]
Ilie Nastase[?]
Stan Smith[?]
Ken Rosewall[?]
Rod Laver
Arthur Ashe[?]
John Newcombe
Fred Stolle[?]
Manuel Santana[?]
Roy Emerson[?]
Rafael Osuna
Rod Laver
Roy Emerson
Neale Fraser[?]
Neale Fraser
Ashley Cooper[?]
Malcolm J. Anderson[?]
Ken Rosewall[?]
Tony Trabert[?]
Vic Seixas, Jr.[?]
Tony Trabert
Frank Sedgman[?]
Frank Sedgman
Arthur Larsen
Richard A. Gonzales[?]
Richard A. Gonzales
Jack Kramer[?]
Kramer
Sgt. Frank Parker[?]
Sgt. Frank Parker
Lt. Joseph R. Hunt[?]
Frederick R. Schroeder[?], Jr.
Bobby Riggs[?]
Donald McNeill[?]
Bobby Riggs
Don Budge
Don Budge
Fred Perry[?]
Wilmer L. Allison[?]
Fred Perry
Fred Perry
H. Ellsworth Vines[?]
H. Ellsworth Vines
John H. Doeg[?]
Bill Tilden[?]
Henri Cochet[?]
Rene Lacoste[?]
Rene Lacoste
Bill Tilden
Bill Tilden
Bill Tilden
Bill Tilden
Bill Tilden
Bill Tilden
William M. Johnston[?]
R. Lindley Murray[?]
R. Lindley Murray
Richard N. Williams[?]
William M. Johnston
Richard N. Williams
Maurice E. McLoughlin[?]
Maurice E. McLoughlin
William A. Larned[?]
William A Larned
William A Larned
William A. Larned
William A. Larned
William A. Larned
Beals C. Wright[?]
Holcombe Ward[?]
Hugh L. Doherty[?]
William A. Larned
William A. Larned
Malcolm D. Whitman[?]
Malcolm D. Whitman
Malcolm D. Whitman
Robert D. Wrenn[?]
Robert D. Wrenn
Fred H. Hovey[?]
Robert D. Wrenn
Robert D. Wrenn
Oliver S. Campbell[?]
Oliver S. Campbell
Oliver S. Campbell
Henry W. Slocum, Jr.[?]
Henry W. Slocum, Jr.
Richard D. Sears[?]
Richard D. Sears
Richard D. Sears
Richard D. Sears
Richard D. Sears
Richard D. Sears
Richard D. Sears

Serena Williams
Venus Williams
Venus Williams
Serena Williams
Lindsay Davenport
Martina Hingis
Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Arantxa Sanchez Vicario[?]
Steffi Graf
Monica Seles[?]
Monica Seles
Gabriela Sabatini[?]
Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
Hana Mandlikova
Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
Chris Evert
Tracy Austin[?]
Chris Evert
Tracy Austin
Chris Evert
Christ Evert
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Billie Jean King
Margaret Smith Court
Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
Margaret Smith Court
Margaret Smith Court
Virginia Wade
Billie Jean King
Maria Bueno
Margaret Smith
Maria Bueno[?]
Maria Bueno
Margaret Smith
Darlene Hard[?]
Darlene Hard
Maria Bueno
Althea Gibson[?]
Althea Gibson
Shirley Fry[?]
Doris Hart[?]
Doris Hart
Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Margaret Osborne duPont[?]
Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
Louise Brough[?]
Pauline Betz[?]
Sarah Palfrey Cooke[?]
Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Alice Marble[?]
Alice Marble
Alice Marble
Anita Lizana[?]
Alice Marble
Helen Jacobs[?]
Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
Helen Jacobs
Helen Wills Moody[?]
Betty Nuthall[?]
Helen Wills[?]
Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Molla B. Mallory[?]
Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Molla B. Mallory
Molla B. Mallory
Molla B. Mallory
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman[?]
Molla Bjurstedt[?]
Molla Bjurstedt
Molla Bjurstedt
Molla Bjurstedt
Mary Browne[?]
Mary Browne
Mary Browne
Hazel Hotchkiss
Hazel Hotchkiss
Hazel Hotchkiss
Maud Barger-Wallach[?]
Evelyn Sears[?]
Helen Homans[?]
Elisabeth Moore[?]
May Sutton[?]
Elisabeth Moore
Marion Jones (tennis player)[?]
Elisabeth Moore[?]
Myrtle McAteer[?]
Marion Jones
Juliette Atkinson[?]
Juliette Atkinson
Elisabeth Moore
Juliette Atkinson
Helen Hellwig[?]
Aline Terry[?]
Mabel Cahill[?]
Mabel Cahill
Ellen C. Roosevelt[?]
Bertha L. Townsend[?]
Bertha L. Townsend
Ellen Hansell[?]

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