Redirected from USSR
|National motto: Workers of the world, unite!|
|Final President||Mikhail Gorbachev|
- % water
|Ranked 1st before collapse |
|Ranked 3rd before collapse|
293,047,571 (July 1991)
13,08/km2 (July 1991)
|Time zone||UTC +3 to +11|
|National anthem||(1917-1944) The International,|
(1944-1991) Hymn of the Soviet Union
|Internet TLD||.SU (still in use)|
The territory of the Soviet Union increased during its period of hostility with Nazi Germany. Under Premier Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Union emerged from the World War II as a major world power with a territory including the Baltic States and a significant portion of the territory of pre-war Poland together with a substantial sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. For more details see the article on the Soviet Empire. Political confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States persisted for many years and is termed the Cold War.
In chronological order, the leaders of the Soviet Union were:
After the revolution, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) outlawed every other political party. The governing of the country was, in theory, to be done by local and regional democratically elected soviets. In practice, however, each level of government was controlled by its corresponding party group (see democratic centralism). The highest legislative body was the Supreme Soviet. The highest executive body was the Politburo. (More about the political organization of the USSR can be found on Organization of the Communist Party of the USSR.)
See also: List of leaders of the Soviet Union
In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Socialist Soviet Republics (SSR). Three of these in particular shared some common history and were referred to as the Baltic Republics. They are all independent countries now, only very loosely organized under the heading Commonwealth of Independent States.
During the period of its existence, the Soviet Union was by area (22,402,200 sq. km).
The Soviet Union was one of the world's most ethnically diverse countries, with more than 100 distinct national ethnicities living within its borders. The total population was estimated at 293 million in 1991. The Soviet Union was so large, in fact, that even after all associated republics gained independence Russia, remains the largest country by area (with Canada second), and remained quite ethnically diverse, including, e.g., minorities of Tatars, Udmurts[?], and many other non-Russian ethnicities.
Culture of the Soviet Union[?]
|Date||English Name||Local Name||Remarks|
|January 1||New Year's Day|
|January 7||Eastern Orthodox Christmas|
|February 23||Heroes Day[?]||February Revolution, 1917,|
Formation of the Red Army, 1918
|March 8||International Women's Day[?]|
|May 1||International Labor Day|
|November 7-November 8||Great October Socialist Revolution||October Revolution 1917|