Encyclopedia > United States federal judicial district

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United States federal judicial district

For purposes of the federal judicial system, Congress has divided the United States into judicial districts. There is at least one district in each state, and many states are divided into more than one. Some districts are further divided into divisions, and some districts and some divisions have more than one place where the federal district court holds trials. The breakdown of what is in each judicial district is at 28 U.S.C. 81 - 131.

Each district has its own United States district court (with a bankruptcy court under its authority), including judges, clerks, court reporters, and other support personnel, all employed by the judicial branch of the government and overseen by the Administrative Office of the Courts in Washington, D.C.. There is also a United States Attorney in each district, who acts as the federal government's lawyer in the district, both prosecuting federal criminal cases and defending the government (and its employees) in civil suits against them; the U.S. Attorney is not employed by the judicial branch but by the U.S. Department of Justice, part of the executive branch. There is also a Federal Public Defender who represents people charged with federal crimes who cannot afford to hire their own lawyers; some FPDs cover more than one judicial district.

The federal judicial districts and the places where the court "sits" (= holds trial) in each district are:

  • Alabama
    • Northern District
      • Florence
      • Huntsville & Decatur
      • Birmingham
      • Anniston
      • Tuscaloosa
      • Gadsden
      • Jasper
    • Middle District
      • Montgomery
      • Dothan
      • Opelika
    • Southern District
      • Selma
      • Mobile
  • Alaska
      • Anchorage
      • Fairbanks
      • Juneau
      • Ketchikan
      • Nome
  • Arizona
      • Globe
      • Phoenix
      • Prescott
      • Tucson
  • Arkansas
    • Eastern District
      • Helena
      • Little Rock
      • Pine Bluff
      • Batesville
      • Jonesboro
    • Western District
      • Texarkana
      • El Dorado
      • Fort Smith
      • Harrison
      • Fayetteville
      • Hot Springs
  • California
    • Northern District
      • Eureka
      • Oakland
      • San Francisco
      • San Jose
    • Eastern District
      • Fresno
      • Redding
      • Sacramento
    • Central District
      • Riverside or San Bernardino
      • Los Angeles
      • Santa Ana
    • Southern District
      • San Diego
  • Colorado
      • Boulder
      • Denver
      • Durango
      • Grand Junction
      • Montrose
      • Pueblo
      • Sterling
  • Connecticut
      • Bridgeport
      • Hartford
      • New Haven
      • New London
      • Waterbury
  • Delaware
      • Wilmington
  • District of Columbia
      • Washington
  • Florida
    • Northern District
      • Gainesville
      • Marianna
      • Panama City
      • Pensacola
      • Tallahassee
    • Middle District
      • Fernandina
      • Fort Myers
      • Jacksonville
      • Live Oak
      • Ocala
      • Orlando
      • Saint Petersburg
      • Tampa
    • Southern District
      • Fort Lauderdale
      • Fort Pierce
      • Key West
      • Miami
      • West Palm Beach
  • Georgia
    • Northern District
      • Gainesville
      • Atlanta
      • Rome
      • Newnan
    • Middle District
      • Athens
      • Macon
      • Columbus
      • Americus
      • Albany
      • Valdosta
      • Thomasville
    • Southern District
      • Augusta
      • Dublin
      • Savannah
      • Waycross
      • Brunswick
      • Statesboro
  • Hawaii
      • Honolulu
  • Idaho
      • Boise
      • Coeur d'Alene
      • Moscow
      • Pocatello
  • Illinois
    • Northern District
      • Chicago & Wheaton
      • Freeport & Rockford
    • Central District
      • Champaign/Urbana
      • Danville
      • Peoria
      • Quincy
      • Rock Island
      • Springfield
    • Southern District
      • Alton
      • Benton
      • Cairo
      • East Saint Louis
  • Indiana
    • Northern District
      • Fort Wayne
      • South Bend
      • Hammond & Lafayette
    • Southern District
      • Indianapolis & Richmond
      • Terre Haute
      • Evansville
      • New Albany
  • Iowa
    • Northern District
      • Cedar Rapids
      • Dubuque & Waterloo
      • Sioux City
      • Fort Dodge & Mason City
    • Southern District
      • Des Moines
      • Keokuk
      • Council Bluffs
      • Creston
      • Davenport
      • Ottumwa
  • Kansas
      • Kansas City
      • Lawrence
      • Leavenworth
      • Salina
      • Topeka
      • Hutchinson
      • Wichita
      • Dodge City
      • Fort Scott
  • Kentucky
    • Eastern District
      • Ashland
      • Catlettsburg
      • Covington
      • Frankfort
      • Jackson
      • Lexington
      • London
      • Pikeville
      • Richmond
    • Western District
      • Bowling Green
      • Louisville
      • Owensboro
      • Paducah
  • Louisiana
    • Eastern District
      • New Orleans
      • Houma
      • Middle District
      • Baton Rouge
      • Western District
      • Alexandria
      • Lafayette
      • Lake Charles
      • Monroe
      • Opelousas
      • Shreveport
  • Maryland
      • Baltimore & Cumberland & Denton
      • Montgomery County or Prince George's County
  • Massachusetts
      • Boston
      • New Bedford
      • Springfield
      • Worcester
  • Michigan
    • Eastern District
      • Ann Arbor & Detroit & Flint & Port Huron
      • Bay City
    • Western District
      • Grand Rapids & Kalamazoo & Lansing & Traverse City
      • Marquette & Sault Sainte Marie
  • Minnesota
      • Winona
      • Mankato
      • Saint Paul
      • Minneapolis
      • Duluth
      • Fergus Falls
  • Mississippi
    • Northern District
      • Aberdeen & Ackerman & Corinth
      • Oxford
      • Clarksdale
      • Greenville
    • Southern District
      • Jackson
      • Meridian
      • Natchez & Vicksburg
      • Biloxi & Gulfport
      • Hattiesburg
  • Missouri
    • Eastern District
      • Saint Louis
      • Hannibal
      • Cape Girardeau
    • Western District
      • Kansas City
      • Joplin
      • Saint Joseph
      • Jefferson City
      • Springfield
  • Montana
      • Billings
      • Butte
      • Glasgow
      • Great Falls
      • Havre
      • Helena
      • Kalispell
      • Lewistown
      • Livingston
      • Miles City
      • Missoula
  • Nebraska
      • Lincoln
      • North Platte
      • Omaha
  • Nevada
      • Carson City
      • Elko
      • Las Vegas
      • Reno
      • Ely
      • Lovelock
  • New Hampshire
      • Concord
      • Littleton
  • New Jersey
      • Camden
      • Newark
      • Trenton
  • New Mexico
      • Albuquerque
      • Las Cruces
      • Las Vegas
      • Roswell
      • Santa Fe
      • Silver City
  • New York
    • Northern District
      • Albany
      • Auburn
      • Binghamton
      • Malone
      • Syracuse
      • Utica
      • Watertown
    • Southern District
      • New York
      • White Plains
      • Orange County
    • Eastern District
      • Brooklyn
      • Hauppauge
      • Hempstead
      • Central Islip
    • Western District
      • Buffalo
      • Canandaigua
      • Elmira
      • Jamestown
      • Rochester
  • North Carolina
    • Eastern District
      • Elizabeth City
      • Fayetteville
      • Greenville
      • New Bern
      • Raleigh
      • Wilmington
      • Wilson
    • Middle District
      • Durham
      • Greensboro
      • Winston-Salem
    • Western District
      • Asheville
      • Bryson City
      • Charlotte
      • Shelby
      • Statesville
  • North Dakota
      • Bismarck
      • Fargo
      • Grand Forks
      • Minot
  • Ohio
    • Northern District
      • Cleveland & Youngstown & Akron
      • Lima & Toledo
    • Southern District
      • Cincinnati & Dayton
      • Columbus & Steubenville
  • Oklahoma
    • Northern District
      • Bartlesville
      • Miami
      • Pawhuska
      • Tulsa
      • Vinita
    • Eastern District
      • Ada
      • Ardmore
      • Durant
      • Hugo
      • Muskogee
      • Okmulgee
      • Poteau
      • S. McAleste
  • Oregon
      • Coquille
      • Eugene or Springfield
      • Klamath Falls
      • Medford
      • Pendleton
      • Portland
  • Pennsylvania
    • Eastern District
      • Allentown
      • Easton
      • Lancaster
      • Reading
      • Philadelphia
    • Middle District
      • Harrisburg
      • Lewisburg
      • Scranton
      • Wilkes-Barre
      • Williamsport
    • Western District
      • Erie
      • Johnstown
      • Pittsburgh
  • Puerto Rico
      • Mayaguez
      • Ponce
      • San Juan
  • Rhode Island
      • Providence
  • South Carolina
      • Charleston
      • Columbia
      • Florence
      • Aiken
      • Orangeburg
      • Greenville
      • Rock Hill
      • Greenwood
      • Anderson
      • Spartanburg
      • Beaufort
  • South Dakota
      • Aberdeen
      • Sioux Falls
      • Pierre
      • Deadwood & Rapid City
  • Tennessee
    • Eastern District
      • Knoxville
      • Greenville
      • Chattanooga
      • Winchester
    • Middle District
      • Nashville
      • Cookeville
      • Columbia
    • Western District
      • Jackson
      • Memphis & Dyersburg
  • Texas
    • Northern District
      • Dallas
      • Fort Worth
      • Abilene
      • San Angelo
      • Amarillo
      • Wichita Falls
      • Lubbock
    • Southern District
      • Galveston
      • Houston
      • Laredo
      • Brownsville
      • Victoria
      • Corpus Christi
      • McAllen
    • Eastern District
      • Tyler
      • Beaumont
      • Sherman
      • Paris
      • Marshall
      • Texarkana
      • Lufkin
    • Western District
      • Austin
      • Waco
      • El Paso
      • San Antonio
      • Del Rio
      • Pecos
      • Midland & Odessa
  • Utah
      • Salt Lake City & Ogden
      • Salt Lake City & Provo & St. George
  • Vermont
      • Bennington
      • Brattleboro
      • Burlington
      • Montpelier
      • Rutland
      • Saint Johnsbury
      • Windsor
  • Virginia
    • Eastern District
      • Alexandria
      • Newport News
      • Norfolk
      • Richmond
    • Western District
      • Abingdon
      • Big Stone Gap
      • Charlottesville
      • Danville
      • Harrisonburg
      • Lynchburg
      • Roanoke
  • Washington
    • Eastern District
      • Spokane
      • Yakima
      • Walla Walla
      • Richland
    • Western District
      • Bellingham
      • Seattle
      • Tacoma
  • West Virginia
    • Northern District
      • Blarksburg
      • Elkins
      • Fairmont
      • Martinsburg
      • Wheeling
    • Southern District
      • Beckley
      • Bluefield
      • Charleston
      • Huntington
      • Lewisburg
      • Parkersburg
  • Wisconsin
    • Eastern District
      • Green Bay
      • Milwaukee
      • Oshkosh
    • Western District
      • Eau Claire
      • La Crosse
      • Madison
      • Superior
      • Wausau
  • Wyoming
      • Casper
      • Cheyenne
      • Evanston
      • Lander
      • Jackson
      • Sheridan



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