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Trans-Canada Highway

The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. The system (not a single roadway) was approved by the Trans-Canada Highway Act of 1948, opened in 1962, and completed in 1965.

In the west, the highway begins at Prince Rupert[?] and Victoria, British Columbia. The northern branch passes southeastward through Prince George, enters Alberta through the Rocky Mountains near Jasper[?], and passes through Edmonton and Saskatoon before meeting the southern branch at Portage la Prairie[?].

The southern branch passes northward along the east coast of Vancouver Island to Nanaimo[?]; a ferry connects to Vancouver, whence it goes north, then east through Kamloops[?] to Banff Springs[?], Calgary, Medicine Hat, Moose Jaw[?], Regina, and Brandon.

The joined highway passes through Winnipeg and Kenora[?], then splits (north to Dryden and south to Fort Frances[?]) and reunites at Thunder Bay. Two long branches then extend through the north of Ontario and along the coast of Lake Superior through Sault Ste. Marie and Peterborough. The two branches are linked between Sudbury and North Bay.

They converge at Ottawa and proceed to Montreal, heading northeast along the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River through LÚvis[?] (across from Quebec City).

Just south of Rivière-du-Loup[?] the highway turns east into New Brunswick. It hugs the American border, then turns east to pass through Fredericton and Moncton, and into Nova Scotia where it passes at Truro. After Moncton, a loop goes into Prince Edward Island over the Confederation Bridge, passes through Charlottetown, and leaves again by ferry to Pictou[?]. The highway then continues north through Cape Breton Island, going through Sydney and ending at Glace Bay[?].

From Sydney a ferry continues the highway to Channel-Port aux Basques[?] on Newfoundland, where the highway passes through Gander[?] and finally ends at St. John's.



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