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Traffic calming

Traffic calming is a set of strategies used by urban planners and traffic planners[?] which aims to slow down automobile and truck traffic on residential streets in urban areas[?].

The primary reasons for implementing traffic calming is increasing pedestrian safety[?], but there are other results of this strategy such as reduced traffic, and the associated noise and air pollution on residential streets.

The displaced traffic is not totally pushed onto other routes, as some travellers begin to use other modes such as public transit, bicycles and walking to get where they are going.

Traffic calming can include the following specific techniques:

Implementation of enforced speed reduction zones for institutions such as schools and hospitals.

Adding bicycle lanes[?]

Allowing parking on one or both sides of a street

Speed bumps[?]

New stop or yield signs

Creating one way streets[?] from two way streets

Narrowing the areas close to intersections by half a lane or more

Redesigned intersections from traditional cross pattern to a roundabout

Reducing the width of streets and widening sidewalks

Creating a dead end[?] at an intersection

Closing of streets to create pedestrian zones[?]

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