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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Ramphastidae

The toucans are tropical near passerine birds from South America. They are brightly marked and have enormous colourful bills.

Toucans are fructivorous (fruit-eating), but will take insects and other small prey. They are arboreal and nest in tree holes laying 2-4 white eggs.

Toucans do not migrate

This group is related to other Piciformes as below:

Order Piciformes

The last two families are sometimes separated as the order Gabuliformes

Species list

  • Emerald Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus prasinus
  • Groove-billed Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus sulcatus
  • Chestnut-tipped Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus derbianus
  • Crimson-rumped Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus haematopygus
  • Yellow-browed Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus huallagae
  • Blue-banded Toucanet, Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis

  • Lettered Aracari, Pteroglossus inscriptus
  • Green Aracari, Pteroglossus viridis
  • Red-necked Aracari, Pteroglossus bitorquatus
  • Ivory-billed Aracari, Pteroglossus azara
  • Brown-mandibled Aracari, Pteroglossus mariae
  • Chestnut-eared Aracari, Pteroglossus castanotis
  • Black-necked Aracari, Pteroglossus aracari
  • Collared Aracari, Pteroglossus torquatus
  • Fiery-billed Aracari, Pteroglossus frantzii
  • Stripe-billed Aracari, Pteroglossus sanguineus
  • Pale-mandibled Aracari, Pteroglossus erythropygius
  • Many-banded Aracari, Pteroglossus pluricinctus
  • Curl-crested Aracari, Pteroglossus beauharnaesii

  • Saffron Toucanet, Baillonius bailloni

  • Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan, Andigena laminirostris
  • Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Andigena hypoglauca
  • Hooded Mountain-Toucan, Andigena cucullata
  • Black-billed Mountain-Toucan, Andigena nigrirostris

  • Yellow-eared Toucanet, Selenidera spectabilis
  • Golden-collared Toucanet, Selenidera reinwardtii
  • Tawny-tufted Toucanet, Selenidera nattereri
  • Guianan Toucanet, Selenidera culik
  • Spot-billed Toucanet, Selenidera maculirostris
  • Gould's Toucanet, Selenidera gouldii

  • Keel-billed Toucan, Ramphastos sulfuratus
  • Choco Toucan, Ramphastos brevis
  • Citron-throated Toucan, Ramphastos citreolaemus
  • Yellow-ridged Toucan, Ramphastos culminatus
  • Channel-billed Toucan, Ramphastos vitellinus
  • Red-breasted Toucan, Ramphastos dicolorus
  • Chestnut-mandibled Toucan, Ramphastos swainsonii
  • Black-mandibled Toucan, Ramphastos ambiguus
  • Red-billed Toucan, Ramphastos tucanus
  • Cuvier's Toucan, Ramphastos cuvieri
  • Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco

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