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Tavastland

Tavastland (Häme) is a historical province in the south of Finland. It borders to Finland Proper, Satakunda, Österbotten, Savonia and Nyland.

Tavastland
Häme
LandÖsterlanden
AdministrationSouthern Finland
Western Finland
Areaxx,xxx km²

Table of contents

Administration For current affairs see: : Southern Finland and Western Finland

Tavastland is divided upon the administrative provinces of Southern Finland and Western Finland .

History Main article: History of Tavastland[?]

The prehistoric era of Tavastland can be said to begin with the Second Swedish crusade in 1239. Building of the castle Tavastehus[?] (Hämeenlinna) began in the 1260s, by orders of the Earl Birger. It was to be the centre of the three "castle counties", the other two being the castle of Åbo (Turku) in Finland Proper and Viborg (Viipuri) castle in Karelia. After the peace Treaty of Pähkinäsaari[?] in 1323 the castle lost some of its meaning as defense line against the east but remained a administrative centre.

The province, which had been a part of Sweden from the 12th century, separated when Finland was ceded to Russia in 1809. The provinces has no administrative function today but lives on as a historical legacy in both countries.

Geography Main article: Geography of Tavastland[?]

Tavastland borders to

Culture Main article: Culture of Tavastland[?]

Heraldry Main article: Heraldry of Tavastland[?]

Arms granted at the burial of Gustav I of Sweden in 1560. The arms is crowned by a dukal coronet, though by Finnish tradition this more resembles a Swedish countal coronet. Blazon: "Gules, a lynx passant or, ear tufts sable; in chief three six-pointed stars, and in base four roses, all argent."

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