For example
A=\begin{bmatrix} a_{11} & a_{12} & a_{13} & a_{14} \\ a_{21} & a_{22} & a_{23} & a_{24} \\ a_{31} & a_{32} & a_{33} & a_{34} \end{bmatrix}</math> Then
A[1,2; 1,3,4]=\begin{bmatrix} a_{11} & a_{13} & a_{14} \\ a_{21} & a_{23} & a_{24} \end{bmatrix}</math> is a submatrix of A formed by rows 1,2 and columns 1,3,4. This submatrix can also be denoted by A(3;2) which means that it is formed by deleting row 3 and column 2.
There is no standard way to denote a submatrix  although the above two methods are the most common  so one should be careful while reading an article on matrix theory.
The corresponding concept in determinant theory is of minor determinant, that is, determinant of a square submatrix.
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