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Soyuz 12

Mission Statistics
Mission:Soyuz 12
Call sign:Ural
Launch:September 27, 1973 12:18 UTC
Baikonur LC1
Landing:September 29, 1973 13:14 UTC
Duration:2 days

Soyuz 12 was the test flight of the newly-redesigned Soyuz spacecraft that was intended to provide greater crew safety in the wake of the Soyuz 11 tragedy. The crew capacity of the capsule had been decreased from three to two cosmonauts to allow for space suits to be worn during launch, re-entry, and potentially hazardous maneuvers such as docking.

Cosmonauts Vasili Lazarev[?] and Oleg Makarov were to evaluate the design, which proved to be successful and well-behaved.

Previous Soyuz mission: Soyuz 11, Next Soyuz mission: Soyuz 13[?]

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