Encyclopedia > Sorghum

  Article Content



Sorghum plant
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Sorghum
Sorghum × almum
Sorghum almum
Sorghum bicolor
Sorghum caudatum
Sorghum × drummondii
Sorghum halepense
Sorghum propinquum
ITIS 42106 (http://www.itis.usda.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=42106) 2002-09-22
Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare or Sorghum bicolor) is a grass (class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Gramineae), whose seeds are used to make a flour and as cattle feed. It is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and southern Asia and is the fifth major cereal crop grown in the world (47 million hectares harvested in 1996). The largest producer is the USA.

It originated in eastern Africa and first diverged from the wild varieties in Ethiopia 5000 years ago. It is well adapted to growth in hot arid or semi-arid areas. The many subspecies are divided into four groups - grain sorghums, grass sorghums (for pasture and hay), sweet sorghums (produce sorghum syrups), and broom corn (for brooms and brushes).

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
Quioque, New York

... who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 113.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 108.7 ...

This page was created in 45.1 ms