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Shalmaneser I

Shalmaneser I, son of Hadad-nirari I[?], succeeded his father as king of Assyria about 1310 BC.

He carried on a series of campaigns against the Aramaeans[?] in northern Mesopotamia, annexed a portion of Cilicia to the Assyrian empire, and established Assyrian colonies on the borders of Cappadocia.

According to his annals, discovered at Assur[?], in his first year he conquered eight countries in the north-west and destroyed the fortress of Arinnu[?], the dust of which he brought to Assur. In his second year he defeated Sattuara[?], king of Malatia[?], and his Hittite allies, and conquered the whole country as far south as Carchemish[?]. He built palaces at Assur and Nineveh, restored "the world-temple" at Assur, and founded the city of Calah[?].

This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.

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