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Sex and illness

A sex-specific illness is an illness that occurs only in people of one sex. There are other sex-related illnesses that are more common to one sex, or which manifest differently in each sex.

Neither concept should be confused with sexually transmitted disease, which is a completely different concept.

Sex-related illnesses have various causes:

  • sex-linked genetic illnesses
  • parts of the reproductive system that are specific to one sex
  • social causes that relate to the gender role expected of that sex in a particular society.
  • different levels of reporting or diagnosis in each gender.

Examples of sex-related illnesses in humans:



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