Encyclopedia > Semi-presidential system

  Article Content

Semi-presidential system

The semi-presidential system is a system of government that features both a prime minister and a president who are active participants in the day to day functioning of government. It differs from the parliamentary system in that it has a president who is not a ceremonial figurehead and it differs from the presidential system in that it has an executive prime minister who has some responsibility to the legislature.

How the powers between president and prime minister are divided can vary greatly between countries. For example, in France the president is responsible for foreign policy and the prime minister for domestic policy. In this case, the division of power between the prime minister and the president is not explicited stated in the constitution, but has evolved as a political convention.

Semi-presidential systems are sometimes characterized by periods of tense cohabitation, in which the prime minister and president are elected separately, and often from rival parties. This can create an effective system of checks and balances or a period of bitter stonewalling[?], depending on the attitudes of the two leaders or of their constituencies.

Some current nations that feature semi-presidential systems include:

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
Isle of Man Transportation

... Peel, Ramsey Merchant marine: total: 144 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,333,826 GRT/7,254,867 DWT ships by type: bulk 23, cargo 6, chemical tanker 13, ...