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A scourge (from the Italian scoriada, ultimately from the Latin excoriare (to flay) and corium (skin)), comprises a whip or lash, especially one used for the infliction of punishment. The typical scourge (in Latin: flagellum or flagrum) has several thongs or lashes attached to a single handle, as in the modern "cat-o-nine-tails". The scourge or flail[?], and the crook[?], are the two symbols of power and domination depicted in the hands of Osiris in ancient Egyptian monuments; these show the unchanging form of the instrument throughout the ages.

Original text from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica

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