Encyclopedia > Sarmizegetusa

  Article Content


Sarmizegetusa was the most important Dacian military, religious and political center. Erected on the top of a 1200 meters high crag[?], the fortress was the core of the strategic defensive system in the Orastie Mountains[?], in Romania, comprising six citadels.

The fortress, a quadrilateral formed by massive stone blocks (murus dacicus[?]), was constructed on five terraces, on an area of almost 3 ha. Sarmizgetusa also included a sacred precinct - the most important and large circular and rectangular Dacian sanctuaries, among which the famous Circular Calendar Sanctuary.

The civilians lived around the fortress, down the mountain on man-made terraces. A Dacian noble used to have flowing water, brought through ceramic pipes, in his residence. The archeological inventory found on location shows a high standard of life in the Dacian society.

The Dacian capital reached its acme under Decebalus, the Dacian king defeated by the Roman Empire after two wars (101-102 and 105-106), led by Emperor Trajan. After the defeat of the Dacians, the conquerors established a military garrison there. Later, the capital of Roman Dacia[?] was named after the Dacian capital - Colonia Ulpia Traiana[?] Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa, established 40 km far from the ruined Dacian capital.

All the six fortresses - Sarmizegetusa, Blidaru[?], Piatra Rosie[?], Costesti[?], Capalna[?] and Banita[?] - that formed the defensive system of Decebalus are part of a UNESCO World heritage site.

  • Sarmizegetusa is also the name of a commmune in modern day Romania, in Tara Hategului[?] depression, Hunedoara county, where are the ruins of Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
Hobart Township, Minnesota

... the population is spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 32.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who are 65 years of age or older. ...